Australia’s culture is the result of a unique combination of heritage and geography. Australia was first settled by the British in 1788 and was used as a penal colony until the middle of the next century. Australia’s remote location and the harshness of its environment transformed the British culture of its settlers and shaped the Australian national character.
When British settlers first arrived in Australia, they faced the always daunting task of taming a new land. Those who ventured beyond the coastal areas found vast deserts full of poisonous snakes, and crocodiles inhabiting the rivers.
In Australian folk songs like “Bound for Botany Bay” and “The Wild Colonial Boy,” we can see the bushranging archetypal Australian epitomized by the 19th century Australian outlaw Ned Kelly. While most of today’s Australians live in cities, much of the spirit of the early settlers has been preserved.As a result of these various influences, Australians are said to be gregarious, open, and self-effacing. Their manners are for the most part informal.